Protection products fit into four functional categories; Fall Arrest, Positioning, Suspension, and Retrieval-1. Fall Arrest
A fall arrest system is required if any risk exists that a worker may
fall from an elevated position, as a general rule, the fall arrest
system should be used anytime a working height of six feet or more is
reached. Working height is the distance from the walking/working surface
to a grade or lower level. A fall arrest system will only come into
service should a fall occur. A full-body harness with a shock-absorbing
lanyard or a retractable lifeline is the only product recommended. A
full-body harness distributes the forces throughout the body, and the
shock-absorbing lanyard decreases the total fall arresting forces.
This system holds the worker in place while keeping his/her hands free
to work. Whenever the worker leans back, the system is activated.
However, the personal positioning system is not specifically designed for fall arrest purposes.
This equipment lowers and supports the worker while allowing a
hands-free work environment, and is widely used in window washing and
painting industries. This suspension system components are not designed
to arrest a free fall, a backup fall arrest system should be used in
conjunction with the suspension system.
Preplanning for retrieval in the event of a fall should be taken into
consideration when developing a proactive fall management program.